Flap surgery: When will you go for it?

What is the discussion about flap surgery hovering around? Well, it mainly concerns periodontal corrections and is a treatment alternative for gum issues. Thus, flap surgery is also termed as gingival flap surgery. Before getting into what it is, let us capitulate on when a flap surgery is resorted to?

If you are surfing through information related to flap surgery on the internet, you are certainly familiar with the various stages and forms of periodontal diseases! Periodontal disease is the advanced stage of gum disease that calls for the immediate intervention of your dentist. When gum diseases advance, the ligaments and bone tissue that surround them are being destroyed. You could even lose your teeth due to this! When non-surgical treatments like deep cleaning and scaling fail to create any positive impact, then periodontal flap surgery may be the best treatment option left.

So what is flap surgery?

Understanding ‘periodontal pockets’

Before getting into the procedural details, you need to understand what periodontal pockets are? These ‘pockets’ are areas below the gum line where the gum tissue has detached from the teeth. This creates a space that is quite inaccessible and difficult to cleanse properly. These places harbor harmful bacteria that proliferate to cause inflammation of the tissues resulting in bleeding, sensitivity and pain.

Unattended gingival problems culminate into an advanced stage called periodontitis. Periodontal issues, if further neglected, hardens to form tartar that can even lead to the loss of the tooth-supporting bone structure and even other systemic problems (in other body parts).


The surgery

Flap surgery is one of the modern dental treatment methods for treating and repairing periodontal pockets. When periodontal pockets develop, the first approach to treat them is via cleaning and scaling. Cleaning and scaling is also referred to as root debridement and these are done with a manual or ultrasonic instrument. If these are not effective, then periodontal surgery is considered. A flap surgery essentially involves separating the gums from the teeth and folding them backwards. This is done to reach the root of the tooth and the bone.


The flap surgery procedure

The Flap surgery initially involves a local anesthesia, following which a small incision is made to separate the gums from the teeth. The outer gum tissue is gently folded back so that your dentist gets access to the roots and the supporting ligament and bone tissue.

The next step involves removing the inflamed gum tissue can and cleaning the tooth roots if required. The area may also be treated with antibiotics or other medications. Finally, the incision is closed which ends your flap surgery procedure.


Dental patients are often taken aback by how comfortable and convenient the experience of flap surgery could be. With today’s highly sophisticated and modern dental techniques, periodontal surgeons are able to repair, reconstruct and regenerate your lost and destroyed tissues. Hence, your flap surgery serves more purposes than mere cleaning of the dental pockets.


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